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Climate Change
Women in ICT Foundation > Climate Change

Climate Change

As we collates observations from the real-world deployment of eight key emerging technologies in tackling climate change: artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of  Things (IoT), 5G, clean energy technology, digital twins, robotics, Space 2.0 technologies, as well as  digitalization and Big Data within cities and urban regions Industries are undergoing definitive transitions toward a more digitized, de-carbonized and resource-efficient industrial future.

We all know that information and communications technologies (ICTs) have revolutionized our world… ICTs are also very vital to confronting the problems we face as a planet: the threat of climate change…Indeed  ICTs are part of the solution. Already these technologies are being used to cut emissions and help countries adapt  to the effects of climate change…Governments and  industries that embrace a strategy of green growth will  be environmental champions and economic leaders in the twenty-first century. – Ban Ki-moon

Adaptation involves taking action to tolerate the effects of climate change  on a local or country level. Examples include remote sensing for monitoring of natural disasters such as earthquakes and tidal waves, and improved  communications to help deal with natural disasters more effectively.
ICTs in general, and radio-based remote sensors in particular, are already the main tools for environmental observation, climate monitoring  and climate change prediction on a global basis. The modern disaster  prediction, detection and early warning systems based on the use of ICTs  are essential for saving lives and should be proliferated in developing  countries. ICTs are making available vital information on the changing environment to the mass population who need information and education  to help sustain basic needs such as food and water. Ideally, this would be achieved through green technologies such as mobile devices and base stations powered by solar energy.

How we use technology to monitor
global environment/ecosystem

  • There will be a growing  number of environmental refugees and increased pressure on water sources and vulnerable ecosystems.  ICT systems that are involved in environment and climate monitoring, data dissemination and early warning include: weather satellites that track the progress of hurricanes and typhoons;
  • weather radars that track the progress of tornadoes, thunderstorms, and the effluent from volcanoes and major forest fires;
  • radio-based meteorological aid systems that collect and process weather data, without which the current and planned accuracy of weather predictions would be seriously compromised;
  • Earth observation-satellite systems that obtain environmental  information such as atmosphere composition (e.g. CO2, vapour, ozone  concentration), ocean parameters (temperature, surface level change),  soil moisture, vegetation including forest control, agricultural data and many others;
  • terrestrial and satellite broadcasting sound and television systems and  different mobile radiocommunication systems that warn the public of dangerous weather events, and aircraft pilots of storms and turbulence;
  • satellite and terrestrial systems that are also used for dissemination  of information concerning different natural and man-made disasters (early warning), as well as in mitigating negative effects of disasters  (disaster relief operations).
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